Jim Larkin was born in Liverpool in 1876. He was the first person to establish a workers’ union that turned out to be one of the largest in the region. Larkin had little formal education when growing up, and this forced him to work odd jobs during his youth.
He later became a foreman at the docks, and it’s at this position where he had a firsthand account of how workers were being mistreated. In fact, this was the main reason why he decided to join the national union of dock laborers’. Read more: James Larkin | Biography and Jim Larkin | Wikipedia
He championed for the fair treatment of workers and by 1905 he was the full-time trade union organizer. One of the critical aspects that stunned other union members is Jim Larkin’s military strike methods, and this resulted in him being transferred to Dublin.
During his stay at Dublin, he founded the Irish workers union whose primary objective was to take into consideration the needs of both skilled and unskilled workers in the same organization.
The quest for justice didn’t stop at fighting for workers rights, and that’s when he decided to form the Irish transport and workers union.
The organization was responsible for leading different strikes with the most notable one being the Dublin lockout in 1913 that saw over ten thousand workers go on strike for close to eight months due to unfair treatment. On the onset of world war one, Larkin organized a demonstration that was aimed at resisting the war.
Larkin also had to travel to the United States to source for support which included raising funds that were meant at fighting the British. While in the United States he joined the industrial workers of the world and the socialist party of America.
Later in 1920 he was charged with communism and criminal anarchy but was pardoned and sent back to Ireland three years later.
Back home he mobilized the workers union of Ireland and this is the reason why he was recognized by the communist international. He didn’t stop fighting for the rights and justice of the workers until his demise in 1947.