In late April of this year, the Nebraska State Liquor Control Board dealt a decisive blow to the four liquor stores operating in the town of Whiteclay, Nebraska. Since the early 1880s, the town’s one industry had been the provision of beer and booze to the Native Americans of the nearby Pine Ridge Lakota Sioux reservation. This arrangement came about due to the strict banning of alcohol sales within the reservation’s borders. On May 1 of this year, the stores finally shut down for the first time in almost 135 years.


The move of the Liquor Board was widely applauded by many, especially across the state of Nebraska. However, there has also been a surprising amount of dissent, mostly coming from locals of Sheridan County, where Whiteclay is located, as well as from some groups of Natives themselves.


One of the strongest concerns that many of the opponents of the closure of the stores have is that the inability to access alcohol so close to the reservation will lead to a rapid increase in drunk driving throughout Sheridan County. This sentiment was expressed by that county’s sheriff, Terry Robbins, who was a staunch opponent of the revocation of the stores licenses. The move was also opposed by a number of prominent Natives on the reservation, who point to similar concerns.


Already, there is evidence that the opponents may have been right all along. The city of Rushville, Nebraska, located 21 miles south of Pine Ridge, has seen an explosion in liquor sales since the closure of the Whiteclay stores.


The Pine Ridge Indian reservation is the birthplace of some of the most impressive folklore in Native American history. Home to some of the Lakota Sioux’s greatest heroes, such as Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull, the Pine Ridge reservation has played perhaps a more important role than any other reservation of its kind in shaping the ways in which Native Americans have integrated into American society and become an important part of our history.


But the reservation has also been besieged with problems. Even in its earliest days, in the 1870s, there was a widespread perception that Native Americans were more prone to excessive drinking and alcoholism than other populations. For this reason, it was decided, upon charting Pine Ridge, that the reservation would be forever dry. This strict prohibition on alcohol sales has led to the most determined drinkers on the reservation to seek their supply of alcohol elsewhere.


This phenomenon gave rise to the town of Whiteclay, Nebraska, shortly after the establishment of Pine Ridge. Founded in the early 1880s, Whiteclay has had as its sole industry the provision of alcohol to the Natives of Pine Ridge. The town is located just a few miles south of the Pine Ridge and South Dakota borders, in the state of Nebraska.


But in April of this year, the Nebraska State Liquor Board voted unanimously to strip the stores of their licenses. Now, Pine Ridge residents are forced to drive over 21 miles, to the town of Rushville, Nebraska. This has already lead to an increase in DUI stops.


The C.E.O of Learn to Trade, Greg Secker, lets us know that he is not your conventional person by stating that his philosophy as a person is not to ask “Why” but he asks “Why Not.” Greg always believed in saying yes and going forth as he figured them out step by step. Just like the Flying Trader initiative he started, he did it as he wanted to trade as he flew high above Canary Wharf. While Greg was in University studying Food Science and Agriculture, he was selling and making computers at the same time. Through this, he learned to code programs that were older and eventually led to him making a 3D model that was interactive, which represented the fluid dynamics of a follicle. When he attended a job fair, he met with someone who was a big fan of computers at the Thomas Cook Finance stand who then invited him for an interview and welcomed him to work in currency trade to build a Virtual Trading Desk.

As Greg worked on the Virtual Trading Desk, he got drawn into the world of Forex Exchange Trade. Considering he was doing the coding for the project, he got to understand the strategies and how the business worked and realized the profits that were being made on trades, which triggered his interest in being part of it. After borrowing a sum of £5,000, he managed to make it into £60,000 within a year, and Greg realized the principles required to succeed and one having an approach that is risk managed. The moment he got a good enough amount, he left the business and started going to seminars and decided to do the same for the Forex Exchange industry. Therefore, in 2003, he began talking in seminars and has now spoken around 6,000 times sharing the knowledge and passion.

Greg founded the Greg Secker Foundation to empower the youth, providing them with skills that can positively impact their lives and help them secure their financial future. They started the Youth Leadership Summit which brought in professionals who spoke to the youth on wealth, relationships, health, leadership, and entrepreneurship. They have launched a similar campaign in South Africa, and the next site shall be Australia.

Greg has been named the Ambassador for City Philanthropy allowing him to shape, inform and direct City dwellers on the ongoing causes in the UK and to get more investors to participate in philanthropy.

Mike Heiligenstein serves as a director of the Central Texas Regional Mobility Authority. This is a government agency that is responsible for the maintenance of transportation and mobility infrastructure such as roads, railways, bridges and tunnels in central Texas. Mr. Heiligenstein has previously served as a representative at the local and county level before he was selected to head the Central Texas Regional Mobility Authority. In addition to his work with the CTRMA, Mike Heiligenstein provides consultation and advice with other state and national transportation groups.


On an op-ed piece for the Austin American-Statesman, Mike Heiligenstein laid out some of the ways that his Central Texas Regional Mobility Authority is fighting against traffic jams. He also described how the CTRMA is taking a proactive approach to make roads safer, more efficient and more reliable for commuters. Mr. Heiligenstein also described some technological solutions and partnerships with private companies that can benefit everyone in the Central Texas area.


One of the ways to ensure a smooth flow of traffic during rush hour is through what Mike Heiligenstein describes as variable tolling. This allows the CTRMA to adjust toll rates on the various roads it controls to help decrease traffic on already congested roads. Variable tolling help steer people away from already contested roads and into roads that are congestion free by waiving and increasing tolls accordingly. The goal of variable tolling is to limit new traffic onto congested roads and to divert riders roads into ones that are clear.


The Central Texas Regional Mobility Authority is also partnering with smartphone apps such as Metropia. There are estimates that there are almost 900,000 empty car seats everyday from people commuting to and from work in the Central Texas metro area. Increasing ride sharing can drastically cut the amount of traffic and pollution in central Texas. It can also save people a lot of money on gas.


Mike Heiligenstein says his organization is also creating an emergency assistance program for vehicles with minor issues or breakdowns that will be free. Studies have found that a lot of the traffic is caused by minor breakdowns or issues on heavily traveled roads. The minor breakdowns cause a lot of starting and stopping among other motorists which lead to heavy traffic.


By offering free roadside assistance to vehicles with minor problems or breakdowns, traffic jams can be averted. The sooner such vehicles are off the road or fixed, the better it is for everybody.




In a controversial move, the Nevada State Liquor Control Board voted unanimously in April of this year to revoke the liquor licenses of the four stores of Whiteclay, Nebraska. This marks the first time in nearly a century and a half that the town will be unable to sell alcohol, its sole industry since its founding in the early 1880s.


The town is located just a few miles from the border of the Pine Ridge Lakota Sioux reservation, in Southern South Dakota. The reservation was established with laws that strictly prohibited the sale of any alcohol to its residents. This was due to a perceived tendency of Native Americans to excessively imbibe, eventually leading to higher rates of alcoholism among their population.


But this good-hearted effort was quickly circumvented by entrepreneurs in the neighboring state of Nebraska. The town of Whiteclay was formed, and for the next 135 years, it would serve the thirsty residents of the Pine Ridge reservation, even if they couldn’t legally buy alcohol at home.


But now they can no longer purchase beer or wine in Whiteclay either. Staring on May 1, the four stores that operated in the town will no longer be able to legally sell alcohol. This has led to a dramatic spike in business in Rushville, Nebraska, a town located 21 miles to the south of Whiteclay. While many observers cheered the move by the Liquor Board to finally shut down the sales to the Sioux, many others are worried that the increase in traffic to Rushville, located many miles further down the road, will lead to a spike in drunk driving.

The Brazilian government recently announced that it had entered into a partnership with the National Bank for Economic and Social Development. Edison Carlos is the president of Trata Brazil. Felipe Montoro interviewed Edison. He gave his opinion on the collaboration between the two parties. Carlos said that this was a good move by the government. It would lead to the improvement of services across several sectors. State organizations play a huge role of water sanitation through public funding in Brazil. Carlos explained that the introduction of a private player would aid the public because the parties could work in such a way that they complemented each other.


Government organizations have a lot of experience dealing with these issues. They can approach other companies to develop partnerships that will solve problems. He added that private companies could play a huge role in funding water recycling schemes. He added that their adoption of advanced technology would help in water management and construction of better sewage networks.The president said that the involvement of the private sector would allow public institutions to direct their funds towards other projects.


Felipe Montoro Jens earned his degree in Business Administration from the Getulio Vargas Foundation. He completed his graduate studies at the Thunderbird School of Global Management. He started his career at Terne SPA as an executive in structured finance and project development. Montoro joined Enron where he worked in international finance. Montoro was an accountant and consultant of most of the company’s clients at Price Waterhouse Coopers. Montoro’s excellence in business led him to work in companies all over the world. He is a board member at companies such as San Antonio Energia, Fonte Nova, Braskem SA, and Foz do Brasil SA. Montoro was the director of Braskem from April 2010 to August 2013.

Terry Robbins is the sheriff of Sheridan County, Nebraska. He oversees a vast area, being responsible for one of the largest counties in the country. The county only has a population density of 2.2 people per square mile, making it one of the least densely populated places in America. This presents some unique law enforcement challenges.


One of the problems that Robbins and his predecessors have faced is that the county is so large that the few number of personnel allotted to his department are often not enough to adequately handle calls. In the harsh Nebraska winter, an officer may receive a call for an event taking place 80 miles away. He then has to get there as quickly as possible on ice-covered roads.


The nature of these thinly placed resources has been a lynchpin in the debate over the town of Whiteclay, Nebraska, which is located at the extreme northern border of the county. The town has long served as the main source of alcohol to the nearby Pine Ridge Lakota Sioux reservation, which has been dry since its founding in the 1870s. But the alcohol sales have led to over a century of lawlessness, including serious brawls, prostitution, gambling and all the other social ills that so often accompany drunkenness.


The Sheriff’s Office simply was not able to ensure law and order in the town, due to the extreme dispersion of its few resources. In light of the ongoing lawlessness of the town, The Nevada State Liquor Control Board finally voted unanimously to revoke the licenses of the beer stores there.


The Pine Ridge Lakota Sioux Indian reservation is one of the largest of its kind in the United States. Formed from the harsh landscape of Southern South Dakota, it has served as the ancestral home of the Lakota people for millennia. The area has been home to such famous figures and heroes of the Sioux Indians as Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull. It’s not far from Wounded Knee and the Little Big Horn, both places where seminal events in Native American history took place.


But the Pine Ridge reservation has also been plagued by some of the most serious problems of any location within the United States. The unemployment rate is the highest of any census region. It has astounding rates of alcoholism and a huge number of its residents never graduate from high school. Due to a perceived propensity of the Lakota to fall victim to alcoholism, the reservation has been dry since its founding, in the late 1870s.


The fact that the reservation has been completely bereft of alcohol has long led its residents to the nearby town of Whiteclay, Nebraska, a town which has existed since the 1880s for the sole purpose of selling beer and booze to the residents of the Pine Ridge reservation. Because of the questionable morality of the town’s sole industry, Whiteclay has long been the focus of attack by groups ranging from Christian teetotalers to Indian rights activists. Recently, the town’s liquor stores finally lost their licenses. For now, they will no longer be able to sell alcohol to the Lakota.


For almost 150 years, the town of Whiteclay, Nebraska has been the primary source of alcohol for the residents of the Pine Ridge Lakota Sioux Reservation. The reservation has been dry, completely banning the sale of alcohol, since its establishment in the 1870s. The town of Whiteclay quickly sprang up, just a few miles south of the reservation’s border, as a watering hole for thirsty Natives who craved the beer they couldn’t buy in their home territory.


That situations persisted through the entire 20th century. But on May 1 of this year, it all came to an end. The Nebraska Liquor Control Board unanimously voted in April to deny renewal of the licenses that the four beer stores of Whiteclay need to continue to legally sell alcohol. This order went into effect on May 1, when convoys of beer trucks descended on the town, hauling away the shelf-loads of unsold beer that the stores were unable to move prior to the date their license was revoked.


But the store owners have vowed to fight until the bitter end. A lawyer representing the four store owners has filed a petition with the Nebraska Court of Appeals to issue a stay. The state Attorney General filed a counter suit and was able to keep the stores shut, for now. But many experts think that the chances of the stores closing for good are not particularly high. They say that the store owners have a strong claim that the Liquor Board has treated them in an unfair, discriminatory way.


Long a source of controversy for groups ranging from Native activists to church groups, Whiteclay, Nebraska has finally had its sole industry shuttered. The town had long served as the primary source of alcohol for the residents of the nearby Pine Ridge Lakota Sioux reservation. The entire reservation has banned alcohol sales since the 19th century.


However, the closing of the four beer stores, which collectively sold over 3.5 million cans of beer each year, has left many people with questions as to what will come next. Not everyone was happy with the decision by the Nebraska Liquor Control Board to shut the stores down for good, a decision that was put into effect in late April, when the board declined to renew the licenses of the four stores authorized to operate in the town.


Terry Robbin is the sheriff of Sheridan County, the county in which Whiteclay is located. He has predicted that the closure of the stores will do little but increase the number of miles driven while drunk within his county. Unfortunately, early signs after the closures have borne those predictions out.


The day the stores closed, May 1, a large group of counselors was on scene to help any customers who may have found themselves unable to cope with the sudden removal of their alcohol supply. But the workers found no one there. This was accompanied by a sharp increase in the amount of traffic in the liquor stores of Rushville, Nebraska, located 21 miles south of the Pine Ridge Reservation.